Islam, Gender and Modernity

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Arab socialism of the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party and Nasserite movement emerged as a stream of thought during decolonialization of Arab countries. It emphasized ethnicity, culture, politics and played down the role of religion. As a political ideology based on an amalgamation of Pan-Arabism and socialism, Arab socialism is distinct from the much broader tradition of socialist thought in the Arab world which predates Arab socialism by as much as 50 years.

Michel Aflaq , the principal founder of ba'athism and the Ba'ath Party, coined the term in order to distinguish his version of socialist ideology from the Marxist socialism in Eastern Europe and Eastern Asia, and social democracy in Western Europe, Australia, and New Zealand.

Modern Turkey : regime change or Islam - Ayla Gol - TEDxAberystwyth

Many in the Islamic world saw this as the failure of socialism. It was at this point that "fundamental and militant Islam began to fill the political vacuum created". Islamic fundamentalism is the common term in the West used to refer to contemporary Islamic revivalism, according to John Esposito. It was manifested in greater religious piety and in a growing adoption of Islamic culture. Two of the most important events that fueled or inspired the resurgence were the Arab oil embargo and subsequent quadrupling of the price of oil in the mids, and the Iranian Revolution that established an Islamic republic in Iran under Ayatollah Khomeini.

The first created a flow of many billions of dollars from Saudi Arabia to fund Islamic books, scholarships, fellowships, and mosques around the world; the second undermined the assumption that Westernization strengthened Muslim countries and was the irreversible trend of the future. The revival is a reversal of the Westernisation approach common in Arab and Asian governments earlier in the 20th century.

It is often associated with the political Islamic movement, Islamism , and other forms of re-Islamisation. While the revival has also been accompanied by some religious extremism and attacks on civilians and military targets by the extremists, this represents only a small part of the revival.

The revival has also seen a proliferation of Islamic extremist groups in the Middle East and elsewhere in the Muslim World, who have voiced their anger at perceived exploitation as well as materialism, Westernization, democracy and modernity, which are most commonly associated with accepting Western secular beliefs and values.

The spread of secularism has caused great concerns among many Islamic political groups. It has been the reasoning for the Islamization of politics and protest, due to the large Muslim majority in the Middle East as well as the region's imperial past. Ayubi explained what he believes to be the two main concerns of Islamic political movements and extremist groups in the Middle East:.

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Repicturing Modern Muslim Women | Creative Insights

The tendency to judge the actions of Muslims in splendid isolation, to generalize from the actions of the few to the many, to disregard similar excesses committed in the name of other religions and ideologies The number of militant Islamic movements calling for "an Islamic state and the end of Western influence" is relatively small. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the Islamic reform movement in recent history, equivalent to and often competing with Islamism or Salafism , see Islamic Modernism. This article's lead section does not adequately summarize key points of its contents.

Please consider expanding the lead to provide an accessible overview of all important aspects of the article. Please discuss this issue on the article's talk page. April Profession of faith Prayer Alms-giving Fasting Pilgrimage. Texts and sciences.

Women, Islam, and the Twenty-first Century

Culture and society. Related topics. Five Pillars of Islam. Shahada Salah Sawm Zakat Hajj. Other schools of theology. Main article: Islamic Modernism. Key texts.

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Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam Iqbal s. Principles of State and Government Asad Ma'alim fi al-Tariq "Milestones" Qutb Heads of state. Key ideologues. Criticism of Islamism. Main article: Arab socialism.


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Further information: Islamic revival. A History of the Arab Peoples.


  • The status of women as a key indicator of modernity in Muslim society.
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Islam: The Straight Path. An outstanding work. Its implications go to the heart of the debate about what modernity means. Offering both personal and theoretical reflections, this is the landmark study that sets the standard for scholarship on the nexus between gay and Muslim.


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  7. JavaScript is currently disabled, this site works much better if you enable JavaScript in your browser. Publishing With Us. Book Authors Journal Authors. Buy eBook. Fabio Giomi PhD, Since January Dr. Giomi has been a post-doctoral associated member of the Centre d'etudes turques, ottomanes, balkaniques et centrasiatiques CETOBaC in Paris, where he coordinated a seminar cycle on the history of Southeastern Europe together with Nathalie Clayer. Fabio Giomi.